Heart disease: These problems can occur in the heart even after angioplasty
Famous comedian Raju Srivastava The last rites were performed on Thursday at Nigambodh Ghat in New Delhi. On 10 August 2022, Raju Srivastava suffered a heart attack during a workout. He was then transferred to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). He was taken away and had angioplasty done. He was kept under medical observation after he developed chest pain during a gym workout. He was on ventilator for 42 days. The hospital did a virtual autopsy of Raju Srivastava through CT scan and X-ray.
Angioplasty uses a small balloon catheter that is inserted into a blocked blood vessel to help widen the vein and improve blood flow to the heart. But there are many risks associated with this procedure. According to Dr. Dheeraj Gandotra, Cardiologist, Fortis Hospital, “Stent thrombosis, also known as vessel occlusion and acute stent thrombosis, is considered one of the complications of angioplasty.” He said that despite the best equipment and treatment, some patients are suffering from stent closure. Globally 3 percent to 5 percent of surgeries result in stent thrombosis.
There is also the problem of stent thrombosis
Stent thrombosis (ST) can be caused by a variety of mechanisms. According to a report with STN Death, “Stent thrombosis is associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity, often leading to cardiac death or non-fatal myocardial infarction.”
Other risk factors associated with angioplasty
Although angioplasty is a less invasive method of opening blocked arteries than bypass surgery, there are some risks associated with this procedure.
1. Re-narrowing of your artery – When angioplasty is combined with drug-eluting stent placement, there is a small risk that the artery being treated will become narrowed again. When bare metal stents are used, the risk of re-narrowing of the artery is higher.
2. Blood Clot Blood clots can form inside the stent even after the procedure. These clots can block an artery that causes a heart attack. Aspirin should be taken with clopidogrel, prasugrel, or any other medicine that helps reduce the risk of blood clots if prescribed to reduce the chance of clots forming in your stent.
3. Bleeding – You may have bleeding in the leg or arm where the catheter was inserted. Usually this is due to a wound but occasionally there is heavy bleeding and may require a blood transfusion or a surgical procedure.
4. Heart Heart attack- Although the chances are low, there is a chance of a heart attack after this procedure.
5. Coronary Artery Damage- The coronary artery may burst or become damaged during the procedure. These complications may require emergency bypass surgery.
6. Kidney Problems The dyes used during angioplasty and stent placement can cause kidney damage, especially in people who already have kidney problems. If you are at high risk, your doctor may take steps to protect your kidneys such as limiting the amount of contrast dye used and making sure you are well hydrated during the procedure.
7.stroke A stroke can occur during angioplasty when the plaque loosens when a catheter is threaded through the aorta. Blood thinners are used to reduce the risk during the procedure.
8. Abnormal heartbeat During the procedure, the heart beats too fast or too slowly. But sometimes it requires drugs or a temporary pacemaker.