On 6 August 1945, the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
To stop Japan in World War II, America planned a nuclear attack on five of its cities. The first attack on Hiroshima took place on 6 August 1945 and the second attack on Nagasaki on 9 August.
In the year 1945, at around 2 am on 6 August, American B-29 bomber ‘Enola Gay’ took off from Tinian Island. His target was the Japanese city of Hiroshima, which was 6 hours away. Hiroshima was the first of five Japanese cities selected for the nuclear attack on the Japanese island of Honshu.
The pilot of the Enola Gay was Colonel Paul Tibbets of the 509th Composite Group. Before reaching Hiroshima, Colonel Tibet flew the Enola Gay very close to the surface on autopilot to avoid Japanese radar. As the target reached the area, the Enola Gay took off at high altitude. Reaching 31 thousand feet, Tibet looked down.
Hiroshima hasn’t been attacked yet
Nothing was visible from below from such a height, but at that time the sun was shining at eight o’clock. Japanese soldiers were training at the parade ground. People including women and children used to go here and there by bicycle. The whole city was filled with public life. There was no air raid on Hiroshima in World War II.
bomb weighing four and a half thousand kg
The attacks would not have happened because in April 1945 the Americans had decided not to conduct airstrikes on the first cities to be bombed so that the devastation after the nuclear attack could be properly assessed and analyzed. However… Colonel Paul Tibbetts pressed the release button and a ‘Little Boy’ uranium gun type bomb weighing about 4,000 kg began to fall on Hiroshima.
Tibet feared that even at an altitude of 31,000 feet, the shock of a nuclear explosion could damage their aircraft. So as soon as he dropped the bomb, he let his plane go high in the sky.
Destruction on Japanese soil after 43 seconds
Exactly 43 seconds later, Little Boy exploded 1900 feet above Hiroshima’s parade ground. The sky of Hiroshima, the land of the sun, was as bright as if hundreds of suns had erupted at once. This light was all white, like the flashbulbs of today. The light was so bright that their clothing patterns were printed on the bodies of the survivors. The shadows of corpses were carved on the ruined walls. Birds were burnt to ashes in the air, everything within 6400 feet of zero was burnt to ashes. Only a few buildings remained. This too is in ruins.
awe reached enola cow
The sound of the explosion even reached Enola Gay, at an altitude of eighteen and a half kilometers in the air. The crew on board realized that their ship had also been hit by something. As another tremor hit the ground and shook the Enola Gay, Colonel Tibbets looked down. Beneath was the same historical pile of smoke and fire, known as the Mushroom Cloud.
a million people died
Extreme heat, shock waves, flying debris and nuclear radiation killed nine out of 10 people half a mile from ground zero. Only 10 percent of the city’s buildings remained. One and a half lakh people are estimated to have died in this attack. Plumes of smoke could be seen 100 miles from the city.
Japan surrendered on 15 August
But the horrors of the war did not stop there, three days later on August 9, another bomb ‘Fat Boy’ was dropped on another Japanese city, Nagasaki. About 80 thousand people died in this. Devastated by the attack, Japan conceded defeat on 15 August 1945, otherwise Kokura, Yokohama and Nilgata would have been subjected to subsequent nuclear attacks.