Know interesting information about this cash crop, farmers earn lakhs by cultivating it

In Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh, the Horticulture Department is making farmers aware about the highest earning crops. Many farmers are also getting benefited from this. Hardoi District Horticulture Officer Suresh Kumar told that one such crop Farmers are being made aware of Ashwagandha by Choupal. From time to time, such chaupals are organized for […]
 


Know interesting information about this cash crop, farmers earn lakhs by cultivating it

In Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh, the Horticulture Department is making farmers aware about the highest earning crops. Many farmers are also getting benefited from this. Hardoi District Horticulture Officer Suresh Kumar told that one such crop Farmers are being made aware of Ashwagandha by Choupal. From time to time, such chaupals are organized for the farmers by the Department of Agriculture and Horticulture. , He told that the botanical name of Ashwagandha is Withania somnifera. It is also a medicinal and cash crop. Ashwagandha is extensively cultivated in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. He said that now farmers in Uttar Pradesh are also planting Ashwagandha. However, now it is also being cultivated in Gujarat.

Ashwagandha is a perennial plant, which grows to about 150 cm tall. Its roots are similar to long radishes. A large number of seeds are found in the fruit. It is cultivated with the onset of rains in June-July. It can also be grown in salt water. The special thing is that it can be cultivated even on less fertile and irrigated land. Most of the farmers of Uttar Pradesh cultivate Ashwagandha of Posita and Ritata species.

How to do Ashwagandha cultivation

District Horticulture Inspector Hariom, while giving information about the preparation for cultivation, said that by plowing the field about three times during the rainy season, the soil becomes soft. Crops are planted keeping in mind the moisture in the field. Most of the farmers do the cultivation of Ashwagandha in June-July. After the crop is established, 5 to 10 cm spacing is removed between the plants and about 15 kg nitrogen per hectare is applied. Since Ashwagandha is a root crop, the field is kept under weed control. Crops also need irrigation from time to time. With proper fertilizer and watering, the crop becomes completely ready in about 5 months.

After the crop is ready, the whole plant is taken along with the roots. After washing the root with water, it is cut from the plant and kept in the sun to dry. About 8 quintals of roots emerge in one hectare, which when dried up to 5 quintals. Also, about 60 kg of seeds are obtained from the tree. At present, Ashwagandha is being sold in the market at a rate of about Rs 40,000 per quintal. It is medicinal farming which gives best market price to the farmers. There is a huge demand for it in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh.

Net profit Rs 1 lakh

About 13 chemical compounds are found in Ashwagandha, which is about 51 percent. It is very beneficial for the human body in the form of acid, which is used in large quantities in Ayurveda. Vitaferin present in the root of Ashwagandha is anti-tumor. Unani and Ayurvedic medicines are prepared from its dried root. It is used in arthritis, lung diseases and pneumonia etc. Farmers get a net profit of up to 1 lakh from the crop produced in one hectare of farmland, so the cultivation of Ashwagandha is considered to be an earning of lakhs for the farmers.