In the pages of history: June 24

Aarti which became the standard of worship: A person who has even the slightest faith in worship will not be ignorant of the popular aarti ‘Om Jai Jagdish Hare’. This aarti, composed in 1870, is sung with equal reverence even today. Its author was – religious preacher, astrologer, freedom fighter, social worker, Hindi and Punjabi […]
 


In the pages of history: June 24

Aarti which became the standard of worship: A person who has even the slightest faith in worship will not be ignorant of the popular aarti ‘Om Jai Jagdish Hare’. This aarti, composed in 1870, is sung with equal reverence even today. Its author was – religious preacher, astrologer, freedom fighter, social worker, Hindi and Punjabi litterateur Pandit Shraddharam Sharma. Pandit Shraddharam Sharma, born in 1837 at Phillaur in Jalandhar district of Punjab, is also known as Phillauri for this reason. He died on 24 June 1881 in Lahore (then India) of Pakistan.

Child Shraddharam inherited religious rites. He studied in Gurmukhi till the age of seven and later studied Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian and astrology in depth. At the age of 33, he composed the ‘Om Jai Jagdish Hare’ aarti which became a timeless sight. He was then invited to deliver religious lectures where a large number of people would ask him to recite this aarti. The popularity of this aarti was anticipated by the Hindi film industry, so this aarti was included in Manoj Kumar’s film ‘Purab Aur Paschim’, which was well-liked by the audience.

Pandit Shraddharam Sharma also wrote an immortal work like ‘Sikhon De Raj Di Vithiyan’ in Gurmukhi, in which three chapters the establishment of Sikhism and its policies have been told in a nutshell. The British government at that time included this book in the syllabus of the ICS (Indian name for IAS) examination.

However, against the British rule, he mentioned the Mahabharata and launched a public awareness campaign to overthrow it. Angered by this, in 1865, he was expelled from Phulauri and his entry into the surrounding villages was banned. Pandit Shraddharam Sharma is remembered as a freedom fighter as well as a watchdog of education and women’s rights.

Other important events:

1564: Sacrifice of Rani Durgavati, a famous heroine of Indian history.

1863: Birth of famous writer and historian Vishwanath Kashinath Rajwade.

1869: Birth of revolutionary Damodar Hari Chapekar.

1885: Birth of famous Sikh leader Tara Singh.

1897: Birth of Omkarnath Thakur, a renowned musician and classical singer.

1961: India’s first indigenous HF 24 supersonic fighter aircraft took off.

1963: The National Telex Service was started by the Department of Posts and Telegraphs.

1966: 117 passengers killed when an Air India flight from Mumbai to New York crashes in Switzerland.

1974: India were bundled out for 42 runs in the second innings of the Lord’s Test against England, India’s lowest score in Tests.

1980: Former President V.V. Giri passed away.