What is Thalassemia? What are its symptoms and how can it be prevented?

Thalassemia; awareness is existence Thalassemia is a congenital disease. The disease slows blood flow to the newborn and the baby needs a blood transfusion every 10 or 15 days. Initially, the disease was endemic in Arab countries. In our country, India, there are over 40 million men and women who, despite appearing healthy, are carriers […]
 


What is Thalassemia?  What are its symptoms and how can it be prevented?

Thalassemia; awareness is existence

Thalassemia is a congenital disease. The disease slows blood flow to the newborn and the baby needs a blood transfusion every 10 or 15 days. Initially, the disease was endemic in Arab countries. In our country, India, there are over 40 million men and women who, despite appearing healthy, are carriers of the minor thalassemic gene.

When two thalassemic minors are married, their offspring are more likely to have a ‘thalassemic major’. Many celebrities are thalassemic minors, such as film stars Amitabh Bachchan, Dia Mirza, cricketer Partha Patel and others. There is only one treatment for Thalassemia Major – Bone Marrow Transplantation which is costly. Bone marrow is not easy to find with anyone.

Thalassemia is the Greek word for thalassemia, which means anemia due to being on the beach and the other word is anemia. Human blood is made up of two types of proteins – alpha globin and beta globin. Thalassemia causes disruption of these proteins in the process of globin formation. This destroys red blood cells. Due to the lack of blood, the victim has to be given blood transfusions time and again. Repeated blood transfusions increase the amount of iron in the patient’s body, which can cause damage to the heart, liver and lungs.

A child with anemia due to thalassemia can become debilitated later in life. His heart rate increases, he does not participate in sports. Also, the child’s throat and eyes swell. Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, jaundice, yellowing of the skin, facial bone disease and slow growth.

Measures to prevent Thalassemia

It is very important to get HbA-2 tested before marriage and after the second month of pregnancy. The patient’s hemoglobin should be kept at 11 or 12. The Central Government provides free treatment to children suffering from Thalassemia under the National Child Health Program. PGI Chandigarh and 5 Thalassemic Societies of Punjab (Government Medical College Amritsar, Patiala, Faridkot, Dayanand Hospital Ludhiana, Civil Hospital Jalandhar) are there for free treatment.

Children born in government hospitals (0 to 6 weeks) under the National Child Health Program, children enrolled in Anganwadi centers (6 weeks to 6 years), children of classes I to XII (6 to 18 years) in government and government aided schools. entitled to free treatment. Children suffering from Thalassemia and studying in government schools who are already undergoing treatment at PGI Chandigarh or other Thalassemic societies are also entitled to free treatment under the scheme. Parents can get information by visiting the District Civil Surgeon Office.