Know, why pneumonia happens and how serious is it?
Pneumonia is an infection that occurs when bacteria and viruses enter your lungs. This can lead to a harmful fluid build-up inside your chest, known as pneumothorax. Be told that if you do have it, it is not serious as it gets better in a few days. If you don’t treat it and it spreads to other parts of your body, it can be life-threatening. However, most cases of pneumonia do not require medical attention unless the symptoms are severe or there are other symptoms that suggest that something more serious may be going on with the patient.
risk factors for pneumonia
Being more than 65 years of age – Let us tell you that the risk of pneumonia is very high in people above 65 years of age. It can affect anyone but is most common in people 65 and older.
Pulmonary disease – People who have chronic lung diseases such as COPD or asthma.
Having a respiratory virus – people who have recently had a cold or flu.
Smoking – Smoking increases the risk of getting pneumonia.
Living in crowded and unhygienic environments – People who live in unhygienic conditions, such as the homeless or those living in nursing homes.
Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia
Cough – You may cough up mucus that may be cloudy or bloody. A persistent or chronic cough is a common symptom of pneumonia.
Chest pain- Chest pain can also be a symptom of pneumonia. This usually happens when you take a deep breath or when your chest is pressed against something. A more severe type of chest pain, called atypical chest pain, can occur if you have pneumonia and is usually associated with aortic valve stenosis or Marfan syndrome.
Breathlessness – Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may also be accompanied by difficulty breathing, especially during sleep.
High fever – A high fever, above 103 degrees Fahrenheit, may be a sign of pneumonia. A fever less than 103°F does not rule out the presence of pneumonia.
Weight loss – You may experience weight loss or diarrhea if you get pneumonia.
a viral infection
COPD: People who have COPD are at an increased risk of developing pneumonia because they are at increased risk of breathing in pneumonia-causing bacteria and viruses.
Pneumonia in people with HIV
ways to prevent pneumonia
Wash your hands – Washing your hands is one of the most basic ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases like pneumonia. You can also use hand sanitizer to help prevent the spread of germs.
Drink plenty of fluids – If you get pneumonia, you need to drink fluids that are rich in electrolytes, such as Gatorade, so that fluid doesn’t build up in your lungs.
Get your flu shot – The flu shot is the most effective way to prevent flu and pneumonia.