Children are born in India every year equal to the population of 78 countries.

China is the most populous country in the world. But after a few months India will be formed. The United Nations had claimed in its report last year that in 2023 India’s population will be more than that of China. However, in some reports it is being claimed that the population of India has exceeded ...
 

Children are born in India every year equal to the population of 78 countries.

China is the most populous country in the world. But after a few months India will be formed. The United Nations had claimed in its report last year that in 2023 India’s population will be more than that of China. However, in some reports it is being claimed that the population of India has exceeded that of China.

The reason behind this is that maximum number of children are born in India. The United Nations estimates that about 25 million children are born in India every year. Compared to India, China, which has the largest population, has almost half the number of children born. In 2022, 95 lakh children were born in China. This was a decrease of about 10 percent compared to 2021.

A recent report by the Union Health Ministry of India states that more than 2.03 crore babies were born in the year 2021-22. That is, on an average 56 thousand children were born every day. Earlier in the year 2020-21, more than two crore children were born. This means that 1.32 lakh more children are born in 2021-22 as compared to 2020-21.

This figure is also surprising because if the population of 78 countries of the world is added, then this number is a little more than two crores. From this point of view, it can be said that every year children are born in India equal to the population of 78 countries.

China’s population is decreasing. According to the official figures of China, in 2022 there has been a decrease of eight and a half million in the population. China’s National Bureau of Statistics recently released population figures. According to this, by the end of 2022, the population of China had come down to 1.4118 billion. Whereas by the end of 2021, the population of China had increased to 1.4126 billion. This was the first time since 1961 that China’s population declined.

Why is the population increasing in India? There are three main reasons for this. First- Declining infant mortality rate means that the death of children below the age of one year is decreasing. Second- there has been a decrease in the neonatal mortality rate ie death of children up to 28 days. And third, the number of deaths of children under the age of five is declining.

The 2021-22 report of the Health Management Information System (HMIS) of the Union Health Ministry states that infant mortality rate, neonatal mortality rate and mortality rate of children under 5 years of age are declining in India. According to this report, the infant mortality rate in India was 42 per 1,000 children in 2012, which has come down to 28 in 2020. That is, out of every child born in 2012, 42 did not survive even a year. The infant mortality rate was also 29 per thousand children in 2012, which has now come down to 20. The under-5 death rate was also 52 per 1,000 children in 2012, which has come down to 32 in 2020.

On the other hand, the birth rate in China is declining. Chinese government figures show that the country’s birth rate was 6.77 per thousand people in 2022, compared to 7.52 in 2021. This was the first time since 1949 that China’s birth rate declined.

The human burden on the world is continuously increasing. According to The World Count, if Earth’s four and a half billion years are counted as calendar years, humans have only been here for 37 minutes and used a third of its natural resources in only 0.2 seconds.

World Count estimates that if the rate at which deforestation is taking place continues, the forests will be gone in the next 100 years. Not only this, only 0.01% of humans have destroyed 83% of wild animals and half of plants. Apart from this, in the last 70 years man has made so much plastic that it can cover the whole earth.

Source